American, Louis XV style, Rococo Revival Carved Rosewood Console Table, Attributed to Alexander Roux, ca. 1850.
Description: Upper with shaped mirror surrounded by carved serpentine crest with centered shell motif, flanked by dore bronze flowers and stems with conforming sides. Lower body with insert serpentine white marble top, surrounded with stylized dore bronze egg and dart over carved and pierced high-relief serpentine body, cabriole legs, scrolled feet on brass casters, connected by stretchers, ending with central rococo shell relief. 70x68x22 inches.
Alexander Roux (1813-1886) was a French ebeniste (cabinetmaker) who opened his shop in New York City in 1837. He introduced industrial technologies, such as steam powered saws, which helped grow his business quickly, employing 120 craftsmen at one time. Until the mid 1870s, furniture styles in America were largely influenced by European styles, particularly French taste, and Roux was top in his field for such examples. He specialized in the ornate Rococo Revival style, as shown in our console table, crafting pieces for elite clients like William B. Astor. His display of individuality and freedom of form, make his furniture highly sought after among collectors, especially larger and more complex pieces. He loved working with luxury woods such as Walnut and Rosewood, creating works of furniture art. Roux retired in 1881, passing his business to his son, Alexander J. Roux.
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